Twenty Japanese destroyers
begin the evacuation of 13,000 troops from Guadalcanal.
The battle of the Bismarck
Sea opens Northeast of New Guinea. A Japanese convoy is attacked
by USAAF B25 bombers, which sink 12 ships.
The Japanese air force
begins a 10-day, round-the-clock bombing offensive against
US shipping in the Solomon's.
The German raider Michel
sinks 2 ships off the west coast of Australia.
93 out of 94 Japanese
planes are destroyed during a massive attack on allied shipping
A Naval battle erupts
in Kula Gulf, North of New Georgia. The US Navy loses the cruiser
Helena, but claims eight or nine Japanese ships have been sunk.
The Japanese sink the
US destroyer Gwin and severely damage three cruisers for loss
of cruiser Jintsu in Kula Gulf.
HMAS Hobart is put out
of action by a torpedo attack from a Japanese submarine west
of New Hebrides.
The Japanese destroyer
Amagiri sinks USN PT-109 in the Solomon's, which is commanded
by Lieutenant John F. Kennedy.
Battle of Vella Gulf : 4 Japanese
destroyers attempt to bring troops and supplies to Kolombangara,
Solomon Is. and are attacked by 6 U.S. destroyers. 3 Japanese
destroyers are sunk and 1 damaged. U.S. destroyers suffer no
A U.S. carrier task force bombs Marcus
The first of two heavy raids by a
US Navy Task Force against Wake Island, with 61 Japanese aircraft
being reported as destroyed.
350 allied bombers hit
the Japanese base at Rabaul in New Britain sinking three destroyers.
A confused naval battle
begins around Bougainville Island in the Solomon's.
US Navy carrier planes cripple a Japanese
squadron at Rabaul, forcing six cruisers to withdraw North
to Truk for repairs.
A Destroyer action off Cape St. George
results in the Japanese being routed to the north west of Bougainville
and losing three destroyers out of five in the process.