Nazis order all Gypsies arrested and
sent to extermination camps.
Ernst Kaltenbrunner succeeds Heydrich
as head of RSHA.
Jews working in Berlin armaments industry
are sent to Auschwitz.
A group of German wives
of Jewish men begin to gather and protest in Berlin in order
to try and stop the deportation of their husbands to concentrations
In New York, American Jews
hold a mass rally at Madison Square Garden to pressure the U.S.
government into helping the Jews of Europe.
Over 1,000 Germans wife's of Jewish
men deported to concentrations camps are now protesting in Berlin.
To prevent this kind of protest from spreading, Joseph Goebbels
orders the release of the 1,500 Jewish men.
The Krakow Ghetto is liquidated.
Bulgaria states opposition to deportation
of its Jews.
Newly built gas chamber/crematory IV
opens at Auschwitz.
Newly built gas chamber/crematory II
opens at Auschwitz.
Newly built gas chamber/crematory
V opens at Auschwitz.
Exterminations at Chelmno cease. The
camp will be reactivated in the spring of 1944 to liquidate
ghettos. In all, Chelmno will total 300,000 deaths.
An armed uprising in the Jewish ghetto
of Warsaw begins.
The Jewish uprising in Warsaw triggers
a massive German response and initiates a month long massacre
of the 60,000 Jews in the ghetto.
The Warsaw ghetto is finally
cleared of Jews by the German police and security units.
Himmler orders liquidation
of all Jewish ghettos in occupied Poland.
Goebbels declares Berlin
to be Judenfrei (cleansed of Jews).
Newly built gas chamber/crematory III
opens at Auschwitz. With its completion, the four new crematories
at Auschwitz have a daily capacity of 4,756 bodies.
Two hundred Jews escape
from Treblinka extermination camp during a revolt.
The Bialystok Ghetto is
Beginning of Jewish family
transports from Theresienstadt to Auschwitz.
On the eve of the Jewish New Year,
the Gestapo and Danish Nazis begin rounding up all Danish Jews.
However, a large number of Danish Jews had been saved when an
anti-nazi businessman got wind of the German plan and passed
the details to the Danish resistance who, with the help of Danish
fisherman ferried many Jews to neutral Sweden.
Himmler talks openly about
the Final Solution at Posen.
Massive escape from Sobibor as Jews
and Soviet POWs break out, with 300 making it safely into nearby
woods. Of those 300, fifty will survive. Exterminations then
cease at Sobibor, after over 250,000 deaths. All traces of the
death camp are then removed and trees are planted.
Jews in Rome rounded up, with over
1,000 sent to Auschwitz.
An allied agreement to set up UN commission
on war crimes is announced in London.
Nazis carry out Operation
Harvest Festival in occupied Poland, killing 42,000 Jews.
Quote from Nazi newspaper, Der Stürmer,
published by Julius Streicher - "It is actually true that
the Jews have, so to speak, disappeared from Europe and that
the Jewish 'Reservoir of the East' from which the Jewish pestilence
has for centuries beset the peoples of Europe has ceased to
exist. But the Führer of the German people at the beginning
of the war prophesied what has now come to pass."
Auschwitz Kommandant Höss is promoted
to chief inspector of concentration camps. The new kommandant,
Liebehenschel, then divides up the vast Auschwitz complex of
over 30 sub-camps into three main sections.
Jews in northern Italy are to be sent
to concentration camps.
The first transport of
Jews from Vienna arrives at Auschwitz.
The chief surgeon at Auschwitz
reports that 106 castration operations have been performed.